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To vary To vary The Engine Oil And Filter On A Peugeot 205 Diesel Part One
The Peugeot 205 is a superb little car. The unique ‘hot-hatch’ – they were immensely popular from the moment they were introduced back in 1983, on account of their styling, performance, and nimble handling. The reliability of the diesel versions is the stuff of legend, and there are still loads of well-maintained examples on the road today.
The price of running a car has increased enormously over the past decade, and even owners of an economical car just like the diesel 205 need to chop unnecessary spending wherever possible. One simple way to realize this is to do your individual oil changes.
The 205 diesel engine has a reputation for being virtually unbreakable, but provided that the engine oil and filter are replaced every 6000 miles. This is a straightforward job to do and can only take around half an hour. Oils and filters will be bought cheaply at any motor factor or car-parts shop. I like to recommend that you use semi-synthetic oil, as it’s more durable than ordinary mineral oil and only somewhat more expensive.
Before you start, you’ll want to assemble all of the things you’ll need. These are:
1) 5 litres of semi-synthetic oil for diesel engines
2) New oil filter (FRAM part No. PH5566A)
3) New 16mm copper washer for the sump plug
4) Old washing-up bowl
5) Latex gloves
7) Kitchen paper
8) Tool for sump plug (17mm socket, or 8mm square for turbo engine)
9) Oil filter removal strap
I also wish to flatten out a cardboard box to kneel on.
First, the car ought to be parked on a flat and level surface ideally in a garage, but when not pick a day when the wind is not blowing. Start the engine and permit it to succeed in near normal operating temperature then switch it off. It’s because the old oil will drain out more quickly when it’s warm. Next, put in your gloves, open the bonnet, and release the oil filler cap on top of the engine. It is orange, has two spring-clips holding it on, and the dip-stick goes down through the middle of it. The filler cap is located at the very best a part of the engine. Now spread out the newspaper under the car to catch any drips and place the washing-up bowl under the sump plug. This is located at the bottom a part of the engine. If you are fortunate enough to own the turbo version, use the 8mm square tool held in a socket to turn the sump plug anti-clockwise, otherwise, you need a 17mm ring spanner or socket. BE VERY CAREFUL HERE. The oil could also be hot enough to burn you and can gush out in a short time while you remove the plug. The oil will stop dripping in a couple of minutes.
Meanwhile, carefully move the washing-up bowl towards you somewhat, so that it’s now underneath the oil filter as well. On the non-turbo engine there is sweet access to the filter, and you may easily wind the strap around it and unscrew it, again turning anti-clockwise. Remember that hot oil will spill out from the filter when it’s removed, and it should to be kept upright until you possibly can drain it into the washing-up bowl. This isn’t the case with the turbo engine though. Access to the oil filter could be very limited, and that i find I cannot remove it by normal means. The way in which that I touch dimmer for led lights remove the filter sounds drastic, but it really works. What I do, leaning in to the engine bay, is to gently tap two long thin screwdrivers right through the highest of the filter and right down to the underside, placed diametrically opposite one another, and as close to the sides of the can of the filter as possible. Then I lay a brief metal bar on top of the filter and swing it round anti-clockwise until it contacts both of the screwdriver blades. By keeping the screwdriver handles vertical with one hand I have enough purchase to show the filter with the opposite and loosen it. Once loosened, it spins off the remainder of the way using my fingers. When you examine the filter once it’s off, you will notice that this method cannot cause any damage to the engine.
You at the moment are halfway through…
Now it’s time to put all of it back together. Begin by cleaning the sump plug after which fit the brand new copper washer on to it. Now wipe across the plug hole with the kitchen paper, before screwing the plug back in (clockwise) until hand-tight. Use the tool to tighten it an extra 3/4 of 1 turn and you are done. Don’t tighten any more than this, as you could distort the metal and cause an oil leak. Next, wipe off any old oil from across the filter housing, being careful to not introduce dirt into the recess. Take the new filter out of its box and look on the underside. You will notice a thick black rubber sealing ring. This must be lubricated with slightly fresh engine oil before fitting. The straightforward technique to do this is to dip a gloved fingertip into the new oil after which ‘paint’ round the rubber ring until it looks obviously oily. Now spin the new filter on (clockwise) being careful to not cross-thread it at the start. Keep turning the filter lightly by hand until you’re feeling resistance, then turn it an extra 1/2 of one turn. There isn’t any must tighten any further, touch dimmer for led lights and doing so would only make it very difficult to remove at the subsequent service interval.
At this point you are ready to place the new oil into the engine. The engine requires 4.5 litres of oil in total, so you will see that it useful to place 4 litres in straight away. It may be difficult to pour a full bottle of oil without spilling any, so go slowly, giving the oil time to drain away down the filler aperture, otherwise it might bubble up and splash over the side. In case you are using a funnel you should be very careful about this, as you would easily lose an entire funnel-full due to this effect. After you’ve gotten the primary 4 litres in, it’s time to start out the engine and distribute the brand new oil around inside it. There shall be a slight delay in building oil pressure until the new filter has been filled up, so the oil warning light may stay on for a number of seconds at first. Run the engine for a minute, then switch it off and leave it for no less than 5 minutes. This gives time for the oil to settle back down to the sump, and you can then get a correct reading on the dip-stick. Withdraw the dip-stick from the oil filler cap and carefully wipe it clean on kitchen paper. Now push the dip-stick all the way back into its slot and take it out again. This time, you will have the ability to see how far the brand new oil has come up between the 2 notches. The dip-stick looks a bit like a skinny flat steel ribbon – be sure to take a look at both sides to get the true reading. A reading anywhere between the upper and lower level marks means that the engine has sufficient oil to run without damage, but you need to always try to maintain the engine oil at or simply below the upper mark. That is for two reasons: a greater quantity of oil means there is more fresh oil in the engine, but also, oil serves to cool the parts of the engine that water cannot get to. So oil actually plays two vital roles within the engine: lubrication and cooling.
Getting the oil to the right level on the dip-stick is usually a bit tricky, and you should be careful to not over-fill with oil – at best, the engine will blow the surplus oil out through its breather pipes and into the air filter; at worst it may cause oil seals to pop and subsequently leak. Just keep adding slightly more oil then let it settle for a minute before wiping off the stick and checking again. It helps to know that the see-through window on the side of the oil bottle is marked in 1/4 litre sections, so you know how much has already gone in to the engine. Do not just pour 4.5 litres straight in there though, because there’s always a little of the old oil still left behind within the engine.
Now it is time to tidy up. Wipe off any oil that has spilled over the engine with kitchen paper and place it in a plastic bag with the old filter. I then tip the used oil into old plastic milk bottles able to take to the recycling centre. Likewise with the newspaper and cardboard I’ve used. On no account must oil or anything contaminated with oil be dumped as household waste, or tipped down any drain. It must be disposed of properly.
That is it now. Clean your tools, wash your hands, and go for a drive. Notice how the engine sounds smoother and pulls just that little bit more eagerly – you might almost think it’s saying thank you! And also you just saved yourself a load of cash, and put in the best oil!
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